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  haryanainfo.com About Mewat, Haryana
Mewat is a historical region of Haryana and Rajasthan states in northwestern India. The loose boundaries of Mewat are not precisely determined but generally include Mewat District of Haryana and parts of Alwar, Bharatpur, and Dholpur districts of Rajasthan. The region roughly corresponds to the ancient kingdom of Matsya, founded in the 5th century BCE.

Mewat district is a district of Haryana state in India. It is located at southern edge of Haryana. Its area is 1,912 square km and the population is one million. It is semi-arid and its economy is mainly rain-fed agriculture. Nuh is the district headquarter of Mewat.

The Muslim inhabitants of Mewat are called Meos. The areas of the three districts where Meos live are collectively called Mewat. Mewat has 1200 villages: 550 in Haryana, 600 in Rajasthan and 50 in UP.

Hasan Khan Mewati was a well known chieftain from Mewat. He fought against Babur in the Battle of Khanwa in 1527. The Delhi-Gurgaon-Alwar-Jaipur highway used to pass through Mewat until the late 1960s when the new national highway NH 8 was constructed bypassing Mewat.
Meo and Mewati
The Muslim inhabitants of Mewat are called Meo and meena hindu in Rajasthan. Most of the population of Mewat is of Meo Muslims. They converted from Meena under Sufi influence in 13th century. Meos follow the clan cuture of Pals and Gotra like Hindus Kshatriyas. Meos are divided into 13 pals and 52 gotras.

Even after conversion to Islam they retained their Mahabharata culture by creating Gotras and Pals for marriages and social interaction. They can still trace back their brotherhood and links with Meena, Rajputs, Ahirs and Gujjars in the nearby villages in the region.

Meos speak Mewati dialect, a slight variant of the Haryanvi and Rajasthani dialects, of Hindi and live in a tribal culture. The culture and gotra of meos is same as Meena tribe in Rajasthan. Meena and Meos are live as brother in Rajasthan. The majority is uneducated and is currently classed under Other Backward Class (OBC). Mewati Gharana is well known Gharana of Indian classical music. Mirasi singers keep a wonderful tradition of oral history of their Meo patrons.
Recent developments
Mewat district was a part of Gurgaon district and Faridabad district of Haryana until 2004. It became a district in 2005. It is predominantly rural with a few small towns.

Though the district is in the National Capital Region (NCR) and just 50 km from Delhi airport, it has remained undeveloped. The industrial estates created by Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) remained underutilised. However, due to expansion of building activities in nearby Gurgaon, the land prices in Mewat have gone up considerably and the land is being bought by investors and developers. This has benefited people who have sold or are selling their agricultural land.

Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has proposed to develop residential neighbourhoods in Rangala and Pinangwan.
 
For More Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mewat
 
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